Solar Power and CSP - History

Solar thermal power plants have a history that dates back more than 100 years. In 1890, a steam engine was powered by a solar concentrating collector. In 1912, the first solar thermal power plant using parabolic trough collectors was commissioned in Egypt with a capacity of 45 kW. Today, the countries leading in the field of concentrated solar power (CSP) research are the United States, Spain and Germany. There are three principle types of CSP plants:

  • Parabolic trough solar power plants
  • Solar tower plants
  • Dish-Stirling systems

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